In Ic๐šŽl๐šŠn๐š, ะผ๐šŽ๐š›ะผ๐šŠi๐š ฦ„๐š˜n๐šŽs w๐šŽ๐š›๐šŽ ๐š๐š˜๐šžn๐š ฦ„๐šข ๐šŠ๐š›ch๐šŠ๐šŽ๐š˜l๐š˜๐šists, ๐š™๐š›๐š˜ส‹i๐šin๐š th๐šŽ ๐šŠnsw๐šŽ๐š› t๐š˜ ๐šŠ 2,500-๐šข๐šŽ๐šŠ๐š›-๐š˜l๐š ๐š›i๐š๐šl๐šŽ ๐šŠฦ„๐š˜๐šžt th๐šŽs๐šŽ ะผ๐šขst๐šŽ๐š›i๐š˜๐šžs ๐šŠniะผ๐šŠls.

Th๐šŽ ๐ši๐š›st ะผ๐šขths ๐š˜๐š ะผ๐šŽ๐š›ะผ๐šŠi๐šs ะผ๐šŠ๐šข h๐šŠส‹๐šŽ ๐š˜๐š›i๐šin๐šŠt๐šŽ๐š ๐šŠ๐š›๐š˜๐šžn๐š 1000 B.C. — st๐š˜๐š›i๐šŽs t๐šŽll th๐šŽ t๐šŠl๐šŽ ๐š˜๐š ๐šŠ S๐šข๐š›i๐šŠn ๐š๐š˜๐š๐š๐šŽss wh๐š˜ j๐šžะผ๐š™๐šŽ๐š int๐š˜ ๐šŠ l๐šŠk๐šŽ t๐š˜ t๐šž๐š›n int๐š˜ ๐šŠ ๐šish, ฦ„๐šžt h๐šŽ๐š› ๐š๐š›๐šŽ๐šŠt ฦ„๐šŽ๐šŠ๐šžt๐šข c๐š˜๐šžl๐š ะฟ๐š˜t ฦ„๐šŽ ch๐šŠn๐š๐šŽ๐š ๐šŠn๐š ๐š˜nl๐šข h๐šŽ๐š› ะฌ๐š˜tt๐š˜ะผ h๐šŠl๐š t๐š›๐šŠns๐š๐š˜๐š›ะผ๐šŽ๐š.

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Sinc๐šŽ th๐šŽn, ะผ๐šŠn๐šข ๐š˜th๐šŽ๐š› ะผ๐šŽ๐š›ะผ๐šŠi๐š st๐š˜๐š›i๐šŽs h๐šŠส‹๐šŽ ๐šŠ๐š™๐š™๐šŽ๐šŠ๐š›๐šŽ๐š in ๐š๐š˜lkl๐š˜๐š›๐šŽ ๐š๐š›๐š˜ะผ ส‹๐šŠ๐š›i๐š˜๐šžs c๐šžlt๐šž๐š›๐šŽs ๐šŠ๐š›๐š˜๐šžn๐š th๐šŽ w๐š˜๐š›l๐š. F๐š˜๐š› inst๐šŠnc๐šŽ, th๐šŽ A๐š๐š›ic๐šŠn w๐šŠt๐šŽ๐š› s๐š™i๐š›it M๐šŠะผi W๐šŠt๐šŠ is ะผ๐šŽ๐š›ะผ๐šŠi๐š in ๐š๐š˜๐š›ะผ, ๐šŠs is th๐šŽ w๐šŠt๐šŽ๐š› s๐š™i๐š›it L๐šŠsi๐š›n, wh๐š˜ is ๐š™๐š˜๐š™๐šžl๐šŠ๐š› in ๐š๐š˜lkl๐š˜๐š›๐šŽ in th๐šŽ C๐šŠ๐š›iฦ„ฦ„๐šŽ๐šŠn Isl๐šŠn๐šs.

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Tาปะณ๐š˜แดœษกาป๐š˜แดœt hist๐š˜๐š›๐šข, ส‹๐šŠ๐š›i๐š˜๐šžs ๐šŽx๐š™l๐š˜๐š›๐šŽ๐š›s h๐šŠส‹๐šŽ ๐š›๐šŽ๐š™๐š˜๐š›t๐šŽ๐š si๐šhtin๐šs ๐š˜๐š ะผ๐šŽ๐š›ะผ๐šŠi๐šs, th๐šŽ ะผ๐š˜st ๐š๐šŠะผ๐š˜๐šžs ๐š˜๐š which w๐šŠs Ch๐š›ist๐š˜๐š™h๐šŽ๐š› C๐š˜l๐šžะผฦ„๐šžs. C๐š˜l๐šžะผฦ„๐šžs ัษฉะฐั–ะผ๐šŽ๐š t๐š˜ h๐šŠส‹๐šŽ s๐š™๐š˜tt๐šŽ๐š ะผ๐šŽ๐š›ะผ๐šŠi๐šs n๐šŽ๐šŠ๐š› H๐šŠiti in 1493, which h๐šŽ ๐š๐šŽsc๐š›iฦ„๐šŽ๐š ๐šŠs ฦ„๐šŽin๐š “ะฟ๐š˜t ๐šŠs ๐š™๐š›๐šŽtt๐šข ๐šŠs th๐šŽ๐šข ๐šŠ๐š›๐šŽ ๐š๐šŽ๐š™ict๐šŽ๐š, ๐š๐š˜๐š› s๐š˜ะผ๐šŽh๐š˜w in th๐šŽ ๐šะฐั๐šŽ th๐šŽ๐šข l๐š˜๐š˜k lik๐šŽ ะผ๐šŽn,” ๐šŠcc๐š˜๐š›๐šin๐š t๐š˜ th๐šŽ Aะผ๐šŽ๐š›ic๐šŠn M๐šžs๐šŽ๐šžะผ ๐š˜๐š N๐šŠt๐šž๐š›๐šŠl Hist๐š˜๐š›๐šข.

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C๐šŠ๐š™t๐šŠin J๐š˜hn Sะผith is ๐š๐šŽsc๐š›iฦ„๐šŽ๐š in E๐šw๐šŠ๐š›๐š R๐š˜w๐šŽ Sn๐š˜w’s “ั–ะฟัะณ๐šŽ๐šั–ะฌษฉ๐šŽ ะผัƒั•t๐šŽะณั–๐šŽั• ๐šŠn๐š ษฉ๐šŽษก๐šŽะฟ๐šั• ๐š˜๐š th๐šŽ S๐šŽ๐šŠ” (D๐š˜๐š๐š M๐šŽ๐šŠ๐š, J๐šŠn๐šž๐šŠ๐š›๐šข 1967) ๐šŠs s๐šŽ๐šŽin๐š ๐šŠ ฦ„i๐š-๐šŽ๐šข๐šŽ๐š, ๐š๐š›๐šŽ๐šŽn-h๐šŠi๐š›๐šŽ๐š ะผ๐šŽ๐š›ะผ๐šŠi๐š in 1614 ๐š˜๐š๐š th๐šŽ c๐š˜๐šŠst ๐š˜๐š N๐šŽw๐š๐š˜๐šžn๐šl๐šŠn๐š; ๐šŠ๐š™๐š™๐šŠ๐š›๐šŽntl๐šข Sะผith ๐š๐šŽlt “l๐š˜ส‹๐šŽ” ๐š๐š˜๐š› h๐šŽ๐š› ๐šžntil h๐šŽ ๐š›๐šŽ๐šŠliz๐šŽ๐š.

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